pic> Dae Joyeong
|Dae Joyeong", "Dae Jo-yeong",
"Tae Choy?ng", or "Tae Cho-y?ng" redirects
here. For the historical drama, see Dae Joyeong (drama).
Dae Jo-yeong (ÓÞðÔç´, ´ëÁ¶¿µ; unknown - 719), also known in
Korea as King Go (°í¿Õ), established the state of Balhae,
reigning from 699 to 719. His origin is heavily disputed
(see below); most Korean scholars believed that he was
of Goguryeo heredity, but most scholars in China believed
that he is of Malgal (Mohe) ancestry.
and Early life
Dae Joyeong was the first son of general Dae Jung-sang
(Hangul: ´ëÁß»ó Hanja : ÓÞñêßÚ) or Qiqi Zhongxiang (Koreanized
:°É°ÉÁß»ó Sinicized:Ë÷Ë÷ñêßÚ pinyin) of Goguryeo, and was born
in unknown. After the fall of Goguryeo to the Silla-Tang
armies, Dae Jung-sang remained in Ansi Fortress, which
had not been attacked during the 3rd Goguryeo-Tang war.
However In 668, Goguryeo fell, despite father and son
However father and son were taken captive. In the confusion
of the Khitan uprising led by Li Jinchong against the
Tang (Zhou) in May 696, the Sumo Mohe and Goguryeo remnants
peoples leader, Dae Jung-sang, and the Baishan Mohe leader
Qisi Piyu (Koreanized :°É»çºñ¿ì Sinicized:Ë÷ÞÌÝïéâ pinyin), made
an alliance sought independence. In spite of Empress Wu
Zetian's appeasement policy, they fled eastward to their
The Tang killed Qisi Piyu, and Dae Jung-sang also died. Dae
Jo-yeong integrated the armies of Goguryeo and the Malgal to
resist the Tang's attack. His overwhelming victory over the
Tang at the Battle of Cheonmun-ryeong (Hangul: Ãµ¹®·É, Hanja: ô¸Ú¦Öº)
enabled him to establish his own Kingdom. He claimed himself
the King of Jin in 698. He put his capital at Dongmo Mountain
in the south of today's Jilin province, and built Dongmo sanseong,
which was to become the Great Jin-guk's (Hangul: ´ëÁø±¹, Hanja:
He attempted to expand his influence in international politics
involving the Tang, the Gokturks, the Khitan, Silla and some
independent Mohe tribes. At first he dispatched an envoy to
the Gokturks. Then he reconciled himself with the Tang when
Emperor Zhongzong was restored to the throne. In 712, He renamed
his empire, Balhae. In 713 he was given the titular title
of "Prefecture King of Balhae" by Emperor Xuanzong.
Upon reaching a period of rest within the empire, Emperor
Go made it clear that Silla was not to be dealt with in a
peaceful stance because they were the ones who received the
help of the Tang to conquer Goguryeo, which was the predecessor
state to Balhae. This aggressive stance toward Silla was continued
on by his son and successor Emperor Mu of Balhae
Dae Joyoung died in 719, and his son Dae Muye assumed the throne.
Dae Jo-yeong was given the posthumous name "Emperor Go".